Vomiting in infants/children

What causes vomiting in babies/kids?

NEONATES AND YOUNG INFANTS:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease:
Seen in minority of kids. Most kids are “happy spitters”; they effortless regurgitate mild amounts of milk. In actually GERD, infants tend to have recurrent fussiness or irritability and feeding aversion.

Milk protein induced enteritis:
Intolerance of dietary proteins (most commonly milk protein) typically presents with bloody stools. However, in some infants, they may have vomiting.

Pyloric stenosis:
Occurs in approximately 3 in 1,000 live births, more commonly in males. The classic presentation of is a three-to six-week-old baby who develops immediate non-bilious, often projectile vomiting after eating and demands to be re-fed soon afterwards (a “hungry vomiter”).

Intestinal obstruction:
Frequently causes bile staining in the vomit.
Causes of infant intestinal obstruction:
 Malrotation – anomaly of fetal intestinal development
 Hirschsprung disease – bilious vomit, abdominal distension, and failure to pass stool
 Intussusception
 Pyloric stenosis

OLDER INFANTS AND CHILDREN:
Gastroenteritis:
Usually is viral.

Gastroparesis:
Condition of impaired emptying of gastric contents. May cause vomiting after meals; usually occurs many hours after ingestion of food.

Intussusception:
Most common cause of intestinal obstruction in infants between 6 and 36 months of age. Patients typically develop the sudden onset of intermittent, severe, crampy, progressive abdominal pain, accompanied by inconsolable crying and drawing up of the legs toward the abdomen. Vomiting may follow.

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About cschaffer78

I'm a family practice physician in Evansville, IN. My practice is described as "full-spectrum" family practice, meaning I see patients "from cradle to grave". I care for men and women of all ages, I deliver babies, and even follow my patients when they are hospitalized. Medical Disclaimer The content of this website is provided for general informational purposes only and is not intended as, nor should it be considered a substitute for, professional medical advice. Do not use the information on this website for diagnosing or treating any medical or health condition. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider
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